A systematic review of the relationship between religion and attitudes toward transgender and gender-variant people

Author/editor: Campbell, Marianne, Hinton, Jordan D. X. & Anderson, Joel R.
Published in (Monograph or Journal): International Journal of Transgenderism
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Online
Year published: 2019
Volume no.: 20
Issue no.: 1
Page no.: p1-18.


Background: Prejudice against transgender people is widespread, yet in spite of the prevalence of this negativity relatively little is known about the antecedents and predictors of these attitudes. One factor that is commonly related to prejudice is religion, and this is especially true for prejudice targets that are considered to be “value violating” (as is the case for transgender individuals).
Method: In this paper, we present the findings of our systematic search of the literature on this topic and present the synthesized evidence. Our search strategy was conducted across five databases and yielded 29 studies (across 28 articles).
Results: We found consistent evidence that self-identifying as with either being “religious” or as Christian (and to a lesser extent, being Muslim) was associated with increased transprejudice relative to being nonreligious (and to a lesser extent, being Jewish). Additionally, we found consistent evidence that certain forms of religiosity were also related to transprejudice – specifically religious fundamentalism, church attendance, and interpretations of the bible as literal (transprejudice was unrelated to religious education). Conclusion: Although this young, but important field of research is growing, more empirical exploration is needed to fully understand that nuances of the religion-transprejudice relationship.

Updated:  28 June 2019/Responsible Officer:  Freilich Project/Page Contact:  Herbert & Valmae Freilich Project